Making Peace with Muzzles

I’ll give you the moral of this story first: Make peace with muzzles. Be OK with dogs who wear them, applaud owners who use them, and put one on your own dog if the situation warrants it.

Now I’ll tell you the story. It’s about mistakes I made that led me to this moral. I hope it’ll bring you there, too. (And if you only read this far, at least check out The Muzzle Up! Project’s website.)

by Maja Dumat, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en
by Maja Dumat, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en

Years ago I had a gentle, low-key mutt named Sachem. She was easygoing with other dogs until her later years, when she started barking and lunging at them on walks. What to do? This was before my dog training days. My only idea was to yell at her to stop–which, unsurprisingly, she did not. Great. Now we were both raising hell.

Sachem’s bark was worse than her bite…until she started biting. The first time, she jerked the leash out of my hand, tore across the street, and applied her teeth to the hind end of a schnauzer. She didn’t break skin. Still, the schnauzer’s owner was irate. I was stunned, penitent–and in denial. I told myself this was a one-off thing. My dog wasn’t that kind of dog.  

Then it happened again. Same schnauzer, same ambush by Sachem, same mortifying interaction with the owner. Again no broken skin, no vet visit. At this point, though, I switched to a standard leash and chucked the retractable one, which somehow (!) kept slipping out of my hand. I figured Sachem had a grudge with that particular dog. In all other contexts she’s a lover, not a fighter!

Months went by in peace. Then one day Sachem was hanging out in the yard (which she’d done without incident for almost ten years) when a lady strolled up with a little white Westie…and…chomp! This time there was a bump and a bruise, a visit to a vet, and a $35 bill, which I reimbursed. I’d gotten off easy; this could’ve been so much worse.

A docile and serene dog...who bites.
A docile and serene dog…who bites.

Sachem was lying at my feet, docile and serene, when the owner came by to collect the money. She was surprised this was the same dog who’d tried to eat her Westie. I couldn’t reconcile these two versions of my dog, either. I held tight to “docile and serene” and rejected “…who bites.”

Chastened by this small crisis, I started keeping Sachem tethered when she was with me in the yard. But as more time passed without drama, I got lax. I was in the back yard pulling weeds one afternoon, with Sachem untethered nearby. When she wandered off, I didn’t notice. Suddenly there was a burst of frantic yelping out front, and I knew as I raced to the scene: Sachem had struck again.

This time it was two dogs. Sachem had bitten both and broken skin. The owner was a neighbor who happened to be a vet, so she stitched them up herself. There was no bill for me to cover; I paid in guilt and regret. There were other costs, too. My neighbor’s young daughter, who had seen the fight, was traumatized. The dogs had painful wounds. My neighbor no longer felt so neighborly toward me. I felt lucky she didn’t press charges.

Luckily there were no more incidents. Sachem died of cancer just as I was starting my apprenticeship to become a dog trainer. Why, though, had I let these bites happen over and over?

For one thing, I was lulled by a conviction that my dog was a “nice” dog. Not a biter. Well, guess what? A dog can be both.

Also, I didn’t want to believe I was the kind of person who had a dog who bites. Breaking news: Anyone, including nice people, can have a nice dog who bites.

We can lock our dogs away forever, cutting them off from the outside world; or we can concoct reassuring excuses for each bite, hoping if we ignore the problem, it’ll go away. Are those our only options? Nope. Looking back, I could’ve solved this whole thing with a basket muzzle.

I know what you’re probably thinking: “Dogs who need muzzles are dangerous!” And possibly: “I wouldn’t want to muzzle my dog because everyone would think he’s dangerous!!” But hear me out. A dog wearing a muzzle is a safe dog. There’s no need to wonder if he’ll bite. He can’t. And while muzzled, he can safely work through a behavior modification program to address his issues.

Unmuzzled, any dog can bite. Luckily, bites–especially serious ones–are rare. Yet once a dog has bitten (regardless of why, or how hard) he has a bite history, and the best predictor of future behavior is past behavior. That was certainly true of Sachem. Back then I took the few precautions I could dream up and hoped for the best. Look how that worked out.

Hoping doesn’t end biting. That, my friends, is a job for a muzzle.

Muzzles prevent bites. Sadly, our society still stigmatizes muzzles, the dogs who wear them, and even their owners, so there remains a widespread resistance to using them. And that’s a real shame. If I could go back to my time with Sachem, I’d muzzle her right up and bask in the peace of mind it brings, instead of holding my breath and crossing my fingers.

by Ross G. Strachan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/legalcode
by Ross G. Strachan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/legalcode

Muzzles need a PR makeover. Picture a world in which every dog wore a muzzle–and liked it! Think of it–tricked out muzzles, bedazzled muzzles, rainbows, stripes and plaid. Dogs covetously asking other dogs, where’d you get that muzzle? Artists selling custom muzzles on Etsy. Dogs fetching their leash and their muzzle when they want to go for a walk.

OK, enough silliness. We don’t need to muzzle every dog, in every setting. But for some dogs, in some situations, it just makes sense. So in all seriousness, how are we going to make muzzles mainstream? How should we encourage dog owners who need them to use them, to just own it and feel fine about it? How can we support the ones who make the conscientious choice to muzzle up, instead of looking askance at them and their dogs and crossing to the other side of the street?

I don’t have answers; I’m asking. What are your thoughts? The Muzzle Up! Project, a campaign to de-stigmatize muzzles, is a great resource (check it out!)–but they can’t do this alone. What should we be doing to help?

In the meantime, here are some scenarios where muzzling up is (or would have been) a smart choice.

  • A client’s dog, who loved to play with other dogs, was a boisterous adolescent with little impulse control. Her arousal would spike after just a short bout of play, and she’d get mouthy. For some playmates, this rough and tumble play style could be riotous fun. For others, it was way over the top. My client worried her dog had to stop playing with other dogs. I thought she could teach her dog to regulate her arousal during play through frequent interruptions (i.e. calming breaks.) How could she ensure safety while she was teaching her dog self-control? I suggested a basket muzzle and sent her to www.muzzleupproject.com to read up on the how-to’s. A weeks later she sent me a picture of her dog sporting a spiffy basket muzzle during a rowdy romp with a dog pal. The muzzle made safe play and training possible.   
  • My friend has two dogs–a gregarious, life-of-the-party type, and a reserved one who’s selective about who can be her pal. My friend occasionally takes both dogs to a dog park (and let’s leave dog parks for another discussion), and they both enjoy it in their own way. The reserved one wants to be left alone, and most dogs pick up on that, but now and then there’s one who won’t take no for an answer. My friend’s dog has been known to get a little growly and nippy. She’s never gotten into a fight, but my friend doesn’t want to tempt fate, or worry other dog owners. So just in case, she very matter-of-factly muzzles her dog at the dog park. Think about it. Don’t you wish more people would just pop a muzzle on their dogs in these settings? Imagine if all the dogs were wearing them. Just saying.
  • Pain can trigger a bite, and what human is more likely to cause pain (for the good of the dog, yes, but try explaining that to the dog) than a vet? A vet may muzzle a dog if the risk of a bite seems strong. I suspect they don’t muzzle more dogs, more often for fear of offending the dog’s owner. But is the risk of a bite ever zero? So if a vet wants to muzzle my dog for his or her own safety (as long as it’s a basket muzzle), I’d call that a smart move. And naturally I’d have brought hot dogs and a can of Easy Cheese, like I always do when I go to the vet, so I could fill my dog’s mouth with fatty, greasy goodness to take her mind off the whole ordeal. A muzzle simply means better safe than sorry.
  • In shelters that do thorough behavior assessments before putting a dog on the adoption floor, a dog-dog greeting is standard protocol. We do this on leash, but in some dogs this can trigger reactivity, which can look like aggression (barking, lunging, etc.,) but doesn’t necessarily signify an intent to fight. Leash reactivity can be minimized through training, but aggression may be a deal-breaker–grounds for euthanasia. So which is it? One way to find out is through a (carefully orchestrated) off-leash muzzled introduction. Muzzles don’t mark the dogs as dangerous; they give the dogs a chance to prove that they’re not.
  • Years ago I was walking in my neighborhood. A guy approached with his leashed dog and passed me on the sidewalk. The moment after our paths crossed, his dog turned and bit my leg. HUH?! I was so startled and incredulous that I thought I might have–what?–made it all up? Later that morning a mouth-sized, teeth-shaped bruise surfaced on my calf. I still wish I’d said something to the dog’s owner–not to rant at him, but to alert him to his dog’s behavior. How many more times did this happen? I’ll never know. But if he’d started muzzling his dog for walks, that number would be zero.

About Karen Baragona

I'm a dog trainer (CPDT-KA) with a soft spot for shelter and rescue dogs who are a little rough around the edges. My own rescue dog Huckleberry, an exuberant hound mix, gave me a run for my money with her reactivity, resource guarding, squirrel chasing, fear of car rides, and unapologetic boisterousness. But she made me a better, more empathetic trainer. As a group class training instructor, private in-home trainer, and animal shelter behavior counselor, I've worked with hundreds of dogs and their people to help them understand and learn from each other. I have a special interest in interactions between dogs and kids, and dogs and other household pets. I also have a master's degree in environmental science and in a past life worked in international wildlife conservation for 15 years.

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